The son of Peng Jiasheng, the king of Kokang, who died, expressed his hope that China would take back Kokang and the society would be stable

2022-08-07 0 By

Ever since aung SAN Suu Kyi’s democratically elected government was overthrown in a military coup in early 2021, myanmar has been in a state of flux, with tensions building up over the years.In particular, several states and special zones in the north of Myanmar have been free from the central jurisdiction, and recently the ethnic forces in actual control of various areas have engaged in fierce battles with the government forces.Cambodia’s deputy prime minister, foreign minister and ASEAN special envoy on Burma, Burasokun, said the situation in His country had “all the elements of a civil war”.Recently, the “King of Kokang” Peng Jiasheng passed away at the age of 94. So far, kunsha, Luo Xinghan and Peng Jiasheng, the “three heroes of northern Myanmar”, have all gone into the underworld, bringing the turbulent kokang region into the view of people once again.Peng jiasheng’s son Peng Deren can be said to be “inherits his father’s career”, has already assumed the post of commander in chief of the Kokang Allied Forces. He is also an overseas person with China in mind, and he once donated to the disaster area when the Wenchuan earthquake in Sichuan province.He has also publicly said he wants China to reclaim kokang so that the war-torn region is no longer in turmoil.Kokang County, Myanmar, is located on the east bank of the Salwin River in northern Myanmar, bordering Yunnan Province in China. It covers an area of about 2,700 square kilometers. More than 90% of the population of more than 200,000 people are kokang people recognized by the Myanmar government, of course, they are actually Han Chinese.Since the land has been under Chinese control since the Qin Dynasty, the local people have always acknowledged their Chinese cultural heritage.It was not until 1897, when the British forced the Qing government to relinquish control of Kokang and formally annexed it to British Burma, that kokang became China’s lost territory.When Burma gained independence in 1948, the Kokang were officially recognized as an ethnic minority by the Burmese government, but the Kokang remained under the absolute control of the Yang family, which had been in power for more than 300 years, which the Burmese government hated.Therefore, since 1963, the Myanmar government began to send troops into Kokang to clean up the Yang family forces, and the peaceful and self-disciplined living condition of Kokang people was broken, and they began to fall into continuous wars, which have not stopped until today, but become more and more intense.Myanmar, in early 2022, has important status in the kokang resolute armed ethnic kokang commander in chief of the confederate Peng Deren said: “now the national historic turning point again, I resolute in which nation will still play an important role, for the realization of the national peace, national reconciliation and their special contributions to the democratic transition.”Peng deren’s tone is full of strong confidence, in fact, this confidence mainly comes from his father – “Kokang King” Peng Jiasheng.A great man is born in troubled times.In 1965, peng Jiasheng, who had received military training, founded the Kokang People’s Revolutionary Army with the support of the Kokang people and began to fight against the government forces for national independence and equality.Three years later, Peng Jiasheng, who accepted the leadership of the Burmese Communist Party, finally defeated the Burmese army, and the helpless Burmese army had to withdraw from Kokang.The Kokang thus began 20 years of Communist rule in Burma.Peng Deren in March 1989, peng jiasheng no longer accept the leadership of the CPB group was established more than 4000 people as myanmar national democratic alliance, namely Beijing, he was the commander in chief, and his eldest son Peng Deren due to act decisively, exploits prominent become deputy commander in chief, and his son are of one mind to take over the CPB in bold all authority.Later, after talks with the Burmese military government, the Burmese military government clearly recognized the legitimate status of the Kokang Alliance. The two sides signed a cease-fire agreement on March 31, 1989, and the Kokang Alliance became the first ethnic local armed forces to sign a cease-fire agreement with the Burmese military government.His administration was named the First Special Administrative Region of Shan State, namely Kokang Special Administrative Region, and Peng jiasheng was appointed as the local government chairman of the Special Administrative Region.”In fact, only after these years of good days, even the dream is bumpy.”Peng Jiasheng was extremely impressed by the peaceful environment he fought for for the Kokang people.Kokang was still highly autonomous, nominally under myanmar’s central government but in practice with its own government, military, taxation and even its own legal system.Under the leadership of Peng Jiasheng and Peng Deren, Kokang began a 20-year history of highly autonomous local government, and became the “King of Kokang” of Peng Jiasheng.During this period, the Kokang allied forces had two internal conflicts, and although the Burmese government forces took control of part of Kokang, the main control was still in the hands of Peng Jiasheng and Peng Duren.By 1997, the Burmese government had signed a political reconciliation or cease-fire agreement with 17 militias, but the Burmese military government had always regarded the “self-supporting” militias as a “threat” to national stability.Peng Jiasheng and Peng Deren had obvious changes in the early and late period of Kokang rule. In the early period, drugs were rampant in their jurisdiction, and in the later period, they vigorously prohibited drugs and carried out alternative planting projects such as rubber and sugarcane.Poppies have been banned in the Golden Triangle since 2005.Poppy to this, already nearly 80 years of Peng Jiasheng said: “I Peng Jiasheng in the end is a ‘drug Lord’ or a ‘classics owl’, this with the conscience of heaven and earth let everyone to comment.”In 2008, peng and his son invested 3 million yuan in the construction of the road, which was officially opened to traffic. The road was named “Happiness Road”, expressing peng and his son and kokang people’s yearning for the future life.Over the years, no matter how the outside world changes, Peng derren and his father have always followed the development of China.When the Wenchuan earthquake occurred four days later, he not only organized and launched the ceremony of “Kokang Residents donate money to the victims of the Sichuan earthquake in China” on May 16, but also took the lead in making donations to contribute to the relief of the wenchuan disaster area.However, the situation in Myanmar soon reversed. In December 2008, the myanmar military government issued a new constitution, which proposed to transform the civilian territory and armed forces into border defense forces, in fact, to seize the military power of local armed forces.Peng Deren and the Kokang Allied forces have refused, 2009 government forces launched attacks, kokang allied forces occurred a third time of internal conflict, Peng Jiasheng retreated into retirement, from then on Peng Deren began to gradually take over the kokang Allied forces.Penderen is an expert at ideological work. When he addressed kokang defecting to the Burmese army in 2014, he made it clear: “Boil, noble dragon blood!”He said, “Who is willing to be a lamb?Who wants to be a coward?And who would like to become a traitor?”He called on everyone to “work together to expel Burmese thieves, recover the bold and build bold!”Peng Deren did what he said. In February 2015, the Kokang Allied Forces carried out the “Liberation of Kokang” operation. In fact, the main mastermind was Peng Deren, who had taken over as the commander in chief of the Allied Forces.In March 2017, kokang Allied forces launched attacks on military barracks, police stations and related targets in Kokang, Myanmar, as well as Burmese army barracks on the China-Myanmar border. The two sides exchanged fierce gunfire and the kokang conflict resumed.Up to now, Kokang is still in a state of separation between the Kokang Alliance army and the Myanmar government forces. The Allied Army led by Peng Deren controls hongxing district and Xingwang District in the mountainous area of the northern Kokang, and confronts xishan district and Dongshan District in the southern Kokang controlled by the Myanmar government forces, as well as the kokang capital Laojie.This situation is the result of a lifetime struggle led by Peng Jiasheng, the “King of Kokang”, and his younger brother Peng Jiafu and son Peng Deren.In an interview, Peng deren said that because of the history and current situation of Kokang, he hoped That China could take back the kokang area, so that kokang society would no longer be in turmoil, and the Kokang people could live a happy and stable life.Of course, this should only be his momentary emotion, he already considered himself a Kokang clan, what he wanted more was the continuation of the family and the inheritance of power.His words in his New Year’s Day address in 2022 should better reflect his true intentions: “Regain the administrative rights of the Kokang ethnic group with a high degree of autonomy.”Peng Jiasheng’s words of torn Myanmar are certainly valid and pointed.Myanmar’s national landscape has changed dramatically in 2021.On February 1, 2021, the Burmese military staged a coup to overthrow the democratically elected government led by Aung SAN Suu Kyi, and the situation in Myanmar began to become extremely complicated.The democratically elected government of Myanmar is in crisis, and the military conflicts between the Kokang Allied Forces, the Kachin Independence Army, the Karen National Union, the Rakhine Army and other local ethnic forces and the government forces are constantly expanding.In 2021, according to Peng Deren, the Allied forces “repelled the strong attacks of the Burmese military for many times” and successfully defended their positions in spite of the artillery attacks of the Burmese army for more than five months, “achieving the miracle of winning more with fewer forces again and again”.In particular, the communist Party of Burma, which had been absent for more than 30 years, re-emerged and formed a military force, which shocked the whole country.At present, Myanmar has fallen into a national civil disorder. By the end of October 2021, there had been 2300 explosions, more than 250 schools were burned down, 76 Bridges were destroyed, 250 factories and markets were destroyed, and attacks killed more than 1,100 civilians and more than 200 military and police people. Moreover, all kinds of violent conflicts are still continuing and showing signs of expansion.There is also a growing trend towards self-rule in parts of The country, and townships that have suffered many casualties in demonstrations have announced the formation of local “civilian armies” armed with shotguns, automatic rifles and other weapons.The existence of a large number of armed separatist forces has added many variables to the situation in Myanmar.The current round of political unrest has had a profound impact on Burmese society, with huge gaps, both explicit and implicit, between myanmar’s various communities that are difficult to bridge.The extreme chaos of the situation, coupled with the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, has put Myanmar’s society and people’s livelihood in a deep predicament.Some criminals took advantage of the frequent strikes to fish in troubled waters, smashing and burning some foreign companies, resulting in a sharp rise in unemployment, shortages of goods, rising prices and an economic contraction of more than 18%.More than 3 million people are trapped in need of humanitarian assistance, and large numbers of myanmar’s population are falling back into poverty.”What Myanmar needs is not a simple regime change, but a more radical transformation,” said Thain Myint Oo, a historian of the epidemic in Myanmar.It is clear that Burma’s ethnic conflicts, economic depression and poverty at the bottom take precedence over purely democratic issues.Asean has been actively seeking a solution in Burma, but the opposition between a civilian government and a military junta has prevented the outside world from publicly recognizing which is the real “government.”As the rotating chair of ASEAN, Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen visited Myanmar on January 7. After talks with Current Myanmar leader Min Aung Hlaing, Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen issued a joint statement, welcoming asean special Envoy on Myanmar to participate in the ceasefire negotiations between the Myanmar government’s military and mindiwu as well as within the mindiwu.In this regard, the Chinese Foreign Ministry expresses its support for Cambodia’s positive efforts to stabilize the situation in Myanmar. At least, with Cambodia’s strong mediation, the ASEAN mediation work on the situation in Myanmar has finally begun to take the first step.The reason why Peng deren said that he hoped Kokang would return to China is that the majority of Kokang people are Han Chinese, and the language they use is Chinese and Chinese characters. Even their schools use Chinese primary and junior high school textbooks.Their phone signals are on China’s mobile network, and their electricity is bought from Yunnan. The two people interact as if they were neighbors in the north and south, with no sense of disharmony.Also is myanmar’s big main nationalism is a bold man cannot accept, courageous people don’t even have the Burmese government identity card, issued by the unification of the kokang people cannot move freely in Burma, this state of inferiority is obviously not in conformity with the kokang people expected, also at the beginning of the founding, with the representative of all nationalities on the panglong agreement signed.Peng Deren of Kokang in Myanmar once said through gritted teeth, “The Big Burman is our common enemy.”Therefore, the most realistic way to “recover and build Kokang” is for the Kokang to negotiate with the Myanmar government together with other ethnic minorities fighting for autonomy.At least at present, the Kokang Allied forces maintain close cooperation with the Arakan Army, the De ‘ang National Liberation Army and other civilian forces. Their alliance policy is: “If there are not two armies to supplement one, two armies to help one in difficulty”, thus forming a pattern of three armies advancing and retreating together, which is very conducive to the Kokang Allied forces to strive for negotiating advantages.On The New Year’s Day of 2020, Peng Deren also called out: “Firmly safeguard the unity of the federal country, never strive for independence”, which can be seen that he is still quite clear about the environment and the current situation.He also said, We will accept anything that reflects national equality, and we will accept anything that is conducive to the restoration of a high degree of autonomy in kokang.This is probably what he and the Kokang Allies fought for, and what kept them alive.In his New Year’s Day address in 2022, Peng Duren strongly criticized Myanmar as “on the road of democratic transformation, driving the historical reverse of military dictatorship”.He also called on the Kokang people to “make contributions to recapture the right to govern the Kokang nation with a high degree of autonomy, rebuild national dignity and regain control of the destiny of the nation.”He believed that “with the heroic struggle of the Justice Party and the allied officers and soldiers, the kokang national high degree of autonomy will be restored, and the Kokang nation will wash away the bitterness and shame of the brutal rule by the dictator.”[1] Fu Yongli;Yang Wentao, History and Current Situation of Kokang in Myanmar, Journal of Pu ‘er University, 2018 (2);[2] Zhang Xinyan, The Impact of Kokang Conflict in Myanmar on China, New West, 2016 (11).