Big history in the leek box
During the winter Olympics, Gu Ailing, a Chinese athlete, became a fan of the traditional Chinese food when she ate a Chinese leek box.In fact, the leek box is not simple, but also the product of exchanges and mutual learning between Chinese and foreign civilizations.Gu tried to replenish her energy while waiting for her results after the race.Chinese leek is one of the traditional vegetables in China.In Xia Xiaozheng, the earliest agricultural book in China, there is a record that ancient Chinese people planted Chinese leeks in the pre-Qin period more than 3,000 years ago.”Shiji” in the “thousands of ginger and leek” to describe the rich, it can be seen in the Han Dynasty has been widely planted.During the Tang and Song dynasties, “early spring early jiu” became a phrase used by literati to describe delicious dishes, indicating that Chinese leek had become a symbol of delicacy at that time.Yuan Ming and Qing dynasties, the famous agricultural books “Nongshu” “Learning garden miscellaneous thin” “Shi Tong Examination” are recorded that the profit of planting leek is very large, leek is also a very important cash crop at that time.In ancient times, Chinese leek had a good CP called kwai, which was also called kwai leek in ancient poems.But with the evolution of history, kwai vegetables gradually forgotten by the people, even the “kwai” sunflower gave way to more popular today, but the leek stretches for thousands of years heritage down, today is our important dishes on the table, even such as more rare and tasty chives “relatives”, enrich the taste of Chinese excellent traditional culture system.Homemade leek box.The way Xiaoning takes the leek box is to wrap the filling of leek and bake it with dough dough, which is made from wheat flour and rolled out.Wheat is one of our staple crops, but it is not native to China.About 5,000 years ago, wheat, which originated in the fertile crescent of central and Near East, traveled all the way through Central Asia to what is now Xinjiang, and spread to central China 500 to 1,000 years later.But there was only one way to eat wheat: after it was harvested, it was stripped of its hard, unpalatable husks by rolling or grinding sticks and then steamed grain by grain or boiled into gruel.It was probably not until the late Warring States Period that wheat was made into flour in a second way, because ancient people invented a useful tool called the stone mill.The stone mill is generally round and divided into upper and lower fans. There is an iron vertical shaft in the middle of the lower fan and a corresponding cavity in the upper fan, which can be rotated into the iron shaft.In addition, the contact surface of the two fans has an empty chamber, called “grinding chamber”, the chamber of the outer cover of grinding teeth, grinding on the upper fan with eye.Put the main grain into the grinder, pull the grinder to rotate, you can grind a grain of wheat into flour.Before the Warring States Period, the ancients could grind wheat into flour by means of the rolling plate and rolling stick mentioned above, but the efficiency was low and it could not be mass-produced.Few stone millstones from the Warring States Period have been unearthed, so experts speculate that they did not have a fundamental impact on Chinese cuisine at that time.After the Qin and Han Dynasties, stone grinding became more and more common and flour processing became more and more common. Ancient people could roll flour into skins to make dumplings and boxes.Peiligang culture stone mill, dating back to about 7,000 years ago, can be used for threshing grain and grinding flour.Of course, eggs are often used as fillings for Chinese leek boxes. Eggs also have a long history. Archaeologists found a jar full of eggs in a tomb of the Western Zhou Dynasty in Jurong, Jiangsu province, more than 3,000 years ago.Eggs are also related to the creation myth of The Chinese civilization. “The universe is as chaotic as a chicken, and Pangu was born in it for 18,000 years”, which is the simplest understanding of the ancient people on the creation of the universe.It is difficult to detail the cultural story behind a small leek box, but there is no doubt that it is the progress of technology and cultural exchanges that bring us a lot of delicious food today.Under the banner of the Olympic Games, the ancient civilizations of China and the rest of the world are bound to produce new achievements through continuous exchanges and mutual learning.▼ author editing | | spiral truth Yang yi dust works contained in this male number (including the title, and edit the format design, text, graphics, etc.), without authorization, Chinese cultural relic newspaper that reprinting or excerpting is not, adaptation, or use in other ways, authorized reprint please indicate the source and the author.