Gu Ailing brought a fire leek box, leek “human evolution history” take you up knowledge!

2022-06-09 0 By

Public journalism, mass daily reporter Lu yu in addition to eat, “star” in the field of sacrifice, literature, etc. The important role, in medicine have some role in the field of folk culture, such as, leek human evolutionary history, February 14, freestyle skiing women’s slope skills in qualifying, waiting for the referee grade group, GuAiLing at you eat the leek box, at that time.Some people say that the ancient Guan Yunchang warm wine cut Hua Xiong, now there is Gu Ailing “Wen Jiu war slippery male”.Foreign media were so intrigued by the detail that they posted video clips online of Gu eating a leek box, apparently with no idea what it was being called, only vaguely referring to it as “snack”.In fact, the way the leek box is opened is not a “snack”, it is a staple food.When leek and pancake meet, is also a historical cultural table scenery.The leek box is made of leeks, eggs and noodles as the main ingredients. It is a very popular traditional food in north and northeast China.In coastal areas of Shandong province, leek boxes are sometimes filled with shrimps and scallops, which are even more delicious.Leek box is not only loved by modern people, it is a favorite food of all social strata in ancient times.There is a very clear record in yuan Mei, a great scholar in the Qing Dynasty, in his book “Suiyuan Food Sheet” : “Jihe: mix meat with chopped leeks, add seasonings, wrap the dough and burn it with oil.It’s even better to add crispiness.”When the leek box originated is still difficult to verify.The history of Shandong cake can be traced back to the Han Dynasty.From the Han Dynasty to the Sui and Tang Dynasties, cake is the general name of all pasta.Eastern Han Dynasty Beihai (now Weifang Changle) liu Xi “Name” contained: “cake, and also.Deutschland makes the surface merge also.Hu cake made of great Diffuse sweat, also said with hemp also.After steamed cake, soup cake and body cake, they are named after the shape.”From the Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties to the Sui and Tang Dynasties, Shandong had better geographical conditions and more varieties of grain.During this period, the staple food of shandong residents were mainly pasta and beans, with coarse grains as the secondary.Wheat flour processing from the “cake” has become a popular food.There are many kinds of cakes, such as hu cake, steamed cake, boiled cake, ring cake, etc., all made of flour, which fully shows that wheat occupies a strong position in crop cultivation.With the popularity of pasta.By the time of the Western Jin Dynasty, people had mastered fermentation technology.He ever in the Western Jin Dynasty “steamed on tred cross food”.The cracked steamed cake is obviously the fermented surface, and the unfermented dead surface will not be cracked in any case.And the leek box stuffing, leek, has a much longer history than the cake itself.In the book Shuo Wen Jie Zi (Shuo Wen Jie Zi) compiled by Xu Shen in the Eastern Han Dynasty, the word “jiu” is explained as: “The dish name is a kind of dish with a long history, so it is called” Jiu “.It means that leeks are a vegetable that can be harvested for a long time after being planted.In fact, the character “leek” belongs to pictographic characters, the lower part of the character “yi” represents the land, and the “Fei” above is very like the flourishing leek leaves under the writing of Xiaozhuan.”Garlic chives” is also often written “june.” As explained in the Song Dynasty official rhyme “Guang Yun Youyun”, “garlic chives”.The reason why the leek “leek” above the word with a “fuck”, because the leek belongs to the perennial herb, can be continuously harvested, so it added the word “fuck”.The history of Chinese leek planting is very long.”There are leeks in the park of the first lunar month.Park also, garden swallow also.”There is a word “see” before the word “jiu” in Dai Zhen’s school edition, and the word “Yan” should be the word “fan”.In the garden of the first lunar month, leeks have just begun to grow, and the garden is a walled garden.The historian Wang Duo believed that in the Shang and Zhou dynasties, the “parks” provided animals with meat, vegetables and fruits.The leeks in the zoo at this time should be planted artificially.In the pre-Qin period, the planting technology of Chinese leek was quite complete.The ancients found leek cold, they began to do through deep digging furrow, covered with dung brewing heat, simple ground cover way for winter leek cultivation.To the Han Dynasty, leek planting has been more common.There are records of chives in Juyan hanjian;Shiwen, a silk manuscript unearthed from mawangdui Han Tomb, said that “grass is the only one who is thousands of years old”, and considered it as “the king of grass”.It is described in Zhang Heng’s Ode to the Southern Capital that “autumn leeks and winter cyanines” were also available in the kitchen at that time.It is worth noting that the planting technology of leek in the Han Dynasty also had a new breakthrough, that is, in the winter greenhouse planting out of season.According to the Book of the Han dynasty, during the reign of Emperor Yuan of the Western Han Dynasty, the taiguan Garden in the imperial palace had the technology to grow vegetables in winter by burning fires day and night to raise the indoor temperature, and the vegetables grown in this way included leeks.In the Northern Wei Dynasty, jia Sixie, a native of Shandong province, explained the cultivation techniques of Chinese leeks in his book “Qimin Yaoshu” from many aspects, such as seed selection, sowing, bed control, fertilizer and water management, and harvesting methods.On the one hand, these contents are the summary of chive cultivation practice since the pre-Qin, Qin and Han dynasties, on the other hand, they are also the framework for the inheritance and development of this technology.When talking about how to harvest and manage leeks, Jia Sixie wrote: “Cut them a few inches high.First planted, at the age of a cut……Leek three inches will be cut, cut such as onion law.One year old, but five cuts.Every time I cut, the water will be columbine and dung will be added.He who collects the fruit, cuts it and leaves it.”The so-called “cut such as green onion method” is “cut with the ground level.Cut wanting to Dan, when avoid heat “, this and “day does not cut leek” it is a truth, basically to avoid sunlight exposure, the leek that cuts down so just fresh and tender and delicious.”The first planting, at the age of a cut”, still used today, can better cultivate root nutrition, for the next year’s high yield.In “Qimin yaoshu”, the cultivation of leek the most core technology, these technologies have been expanded and developed.Qing Qianlong years, Rizhao person Ding Yi ever wrote with his farming experience “agricultural nursery summary”, among them when cutting leek mentioned “in cutting leek death day, summer is especially very.There is a saying, ‘Do not pinch the sunflower when touching the dew, and do not cut the leek in the sun’.Also avoid dry soil cutting.””Yan Yun” reiterates the traditions mentioned in Qimin Yaoshu, while “Avoid cutting dry soil” has more detailed requirements for technical measures.The cultivation technology of Chinese leek has developed significantly since the middle and late Tang Dynasty.In the “Sishi Zuan Yao” in the late Tang Dynasty, a transplanting technique which could save the land seeds and improve the production efficiency appeared.The Nongshu of Yuan Dynasty recorded seedling and root transplanting respectively.In Ming and Qing Dynasties, the technology was widely used in both north and south China.In the Song and Yuan dynasties, people had mastered the softening cultivation technology of Chinese leek, and cultivated more delicious Chinese leek and leek bud by softening cellar and soil manure.This technological innovation has not only greatly improved the supply of vegetables in the winter and spring markets, but also greatly increased the income of farmers.In modern people’s eyes, Chinese leek is a common vegetable, but in ancient times, Chinese leek was one of the necessary sacrificial dishes.In the Book of Songs · Bin Laden · July, there is a saying that “On the fourth day, the flea came to the area and sacrificed the lamb and the leek”.Kong Yingda in the “five Classics of justice” notes for: “Four days of its early, toward the offering of black lamb in god, offering with leek, and open the reason for imperial heat, speech first of the public education, cold and heat have preparation.”It means that on the fourth day (the fourth month in the Zhou calendar), lambs and leeks are sacrificed.In the pre-Qin period, Chinese leek became a sacrificial gift, and Chinese leek became a delicious food to entertain distinguished guests.Later generations followed the ritual of using leeks for sacrifice.The Book of Rites contains: “The emperor’s house is in prison, and the princes’ house is in prison.The doctor, the scholar temple of the sacrifice, there is a field of sacrifice, no field is recommended.The plebeian spring recommended leek, summer recommended wheat, autumn recommended millet, winter recommended rice.Leek eggs, wheat fish, millet sausage…”What is said here is the recommendation of the new ceremony, that is, the selection of the season of new vegetables, with meat and eggs, offering to ancestors to express filial respect.The emperor, princes, officials and scholars had their own standards, while the common people recommended new things for their ancestors.Considering the economic conditions and low social status of the common people, it was common to sacrifice leeks and match leeks and eggs, and “leeks and eggs” was “the behavior norm issued by the ruler to suit the people’s situation”.In records of the Grand Historian, there is an offering of eggs and leeks.Why did the ancients sacrifice leeks?In fact, this is a kind of psychological projection and emotional sustenance, people found that leek has the characteristics of “cut and resurrected”, giving a person a sense of life and growth, with its sacrifice to beg for the prosperity of ancestors and grandchildren.The custom of eating leeks for a long time gradually formed a variety of cultural psychology, including all kinds of cultural fun.Such as “The book of Southern Qi · Yu Gao’s biography” : “(Yu Gao of) poor from the industry, eating only li Crispus, perjured li, living li, miscellaneous vegetables.Or they said: “Who calls Yu Lang poor? There are twenty-seven kinds of salmon.””Li” homophonic “nine”, li Crispus, perdition li, unripe li is 3 “li”, namely 3 “nine” it is 27 namely, this is ancient people jest.This allusion gives leek poverty and interest, poverty and section of the emotional meaning.”South Qi book · Zhou Yong biography” : “(Roberts) poor little desire, all day long herb food, although there is a wife, alone mountain house.Wei general Wang Jian says: ‘What food in the mountain?Million-dollar: red rice white salt, green kwai purple polygonum.Wen Hui prince asked: ‘Dish food what flavor wins the most?’Roberts said:’ early spring early allium, late autumn evening woad ‘.”Since then, “Early Spring morning early chrysanthemum” “Spring chrysanthemum” has become a common classic image in literature, which contains rich beauty of affection.Another biography of Guo Linzong: “Lin Zong had a friend who came in the rain at night and cut leeks to make cakes for food.”Du Fu’s famous sentence “night rain shear spring leek” is derived from here.In the Southern Song Dynasty, Lu You was a master of “jiu”.The images of Chinese leeks in his poems are full of various forms and rich meanings, such as “there is no yellow leek in the world in Xinjin, and its color is like three feet of light yellow”, “Polyvine snow with red color, leek with rainy foot is white”, “Yellow fungus grows rich in the room, leek with white head grows new in the guests” and so on.In a dream of Red Mansions, Lin Daiyu wrote a poem for Baoyu: “One bed of spring leek green, ten miles of rice fragrance.”In addition to playing an important role in sacrificial rites, literature and other fields, leek also has a certain status in the cultural fields such as medicine and folk customs.Especially in farming culture, proverbs like “leek under moss, lotus under flower” emerge in endlessly, embodying the wisdom of farmers.”The leek of October – old” “cut leek need not sickle – nonsense” “city oppidan wheat seedling when leek – do not recognize goods” “fry leek put onion – white build” and so on Xiehouyu, it is to reveal local appeal.2022-02-20 Source: Dazhong Daily 07