Shi Hai Hooshen (12) Talk about dujiangyan city collection of the Qing Dynasty compiled four local Chronicles

2022-06-02 0 By

Local Chronicles are a comprehensive and systematic record of the natural, political, economic, cultural and social history and current situation of the administrative region, is a unique carrier of regional culture of the Chinese nation, which has three functions of “governance, education and history”, and has been paid attention to by the rulers of all dynasties.In ancient times, the annals of a prefecture (county) were the whole history of a prefecture (county), which could be said to be the “encyclopedia” of the prefecture. Generally, the prefecture or county magistrate acted as the major, and then organized some learned scholars of the prefecture as actual editors to compile according to the specifications promulgated by the imperial court.In terms of guan County (today’s Dujiangyan City), in the Qing dynasty, there are currently known four local Chronicles of official and private maintenance, namely, Guan County Chronicles of Qianlong edition, Guan County Chronicles of Guangxu edition and Guan County Local Chronicles (above official maintenance).Peng Xun, The first draft of Guan Ji (private revision).Dujiangyan City museum has a collection.It is an excellent cultural tradition of the Chinese nation to compile Chronicles. The Chronicles compiled by the imperial court are called unified Chronicles, those compiled by provincial capitals are called general Chronicles, and those compiled by prefectures and counties are called local Chronicles.”The ambition of a county is like the history of a country.”Ming and Qing dynasties have repeatedly awarded orders to repair local Chronicles.At that time, Guan County (Dujiangyan City) was geographically remote, and after the war of The late Ming Dynasty, the old annals had disappeared.Sun Tianning (Fengtian Chengde county juren) in the forty-eighth year of qianlong (1783) returned to the irrigation county magistrate county, met the court to compile national annals, required the provinces of the country to submit their general annals, to supplement the unified annals.To this end, each province required its subordinate states and counties to report local Chronicles for alternative purposes.After sun Tianning received the notice, he called together the guan County gentlemen and men of letters to consult and set up a group for compiling the Annals of Guan County, composed of him as a member, with his instructions and teachings as references, and sixteen members including juju, tribute, supervisor and student officials. There were also 204 people involved in editing the annals, including printing and donations.It can be seen that the huge workload and sun Tianning attached great importance to the maintenance of the annals.Sun Tianning in “chuangxiu Irrigation County annals preface” as stated: “…Though guanyi is remote and borderland, there are no people with books, no things with books, and no mountains and rivers with books.However, county annals also, rely on the person, and especially rely on the time….In the summer of Bingshen (1776), I crossed longtan, crossed hexi, climbed the cave of Tianshi, and crept to the top of Qingcheng……For many years I have been ashamed that I have failed to satisfy my people with any good means, and it is my duty to commend them for all the achievements of the People of the Rishis.And irrigation since the establishment of the county more than two thousand years, and its ambition to yu and began to become, yi people xiangxiang to view Jue into, cover will also meet the time…”.Sun Tianning formulated the structural framework of the annals, which was edited from twelve aspects, such as domain sealing, construction, farmland households, schools, ceremonies, reserves, government officials, figures, elections, local conditions, arts and articles, and miscellaneous records.As a result, the editors visited the relics of the former dynasty, collected tablets to remember the biography, collected the local conditions, collected the people, examined the literature, collected articles, grouped into a book, a total of six volumes, and then collected public donations, in the 51st year of qianlong (1786) to be published.The museum has the qianlong print.After the war in the late Ming Dynasty, the old annals of Guanxian disappeared.Guan County magistrate Sun Tianning in qianlong forty-eighth year (1783) set up a compilation group compiled “Guan County annals”, the annals in qianlong fifty-one year (1786) published.In the winter of the eighth year of The Reign of Emperor Guangxu (1882), Zhuang Siheng (Yinsheng, Wujin County, Jiangsu Province) was appointed governor of Guan County. He saw many new changes in the politics, economy, society, culture, local conditions and customs of Guan County in the past hundred years, but the county annals had not been revised.Therefore, he invited the gentry of Guan County to discuss the continuation of the matter, and specially commissioned Zheng 珶 Shan (rongchang, Sichuan province, attached gongsheng, Guangxu six years (1880) department guan County training), general compilation, began to continue the “Guan County Annals”.Because it was not easy to collect records, it took five years to compile the book, but zhuang Siheng had already gone to other places.In the twelfth year of Guangxu (1886), Zhuang Yuyun (supervisor of Yuanhe County, Jiangsu Province) was appointed governor of Guan County. Coincidentally, Zhuang Yuyun was zhuang Siheng’s uncle.So, zheng 珶 mountain and others will edit the “irrigation county annals” presented to his review, Zhuang Yujun see this volume “to repair the irrigation county annals” entries detailed, rich historical data, very happy, and the book was revised, and donated the silver and fund raising, supervisor published.”Zengxiu Guan County Annals” is divided into 14 sections 116 items, a total of more than 350,000 words, highlighting the regional characteristics and historical and cultural characteristics of Guan County at that time, has important historical value.The museum has a printed copy of The 12th Year of Guangxu (1886).Rural records of Guan County is a kind of annals that records the general situation of natural geography and cultural products of a certain place.In the thirty-first year of The Reign of Emperor Guangxu (1905), the Academic Department of the Qing Government, while establishing a new school, ordered all localities to compile local records as textbooks for primary and secondary schools, and promulgated the “Local Records Examples”.Its purpose: one is to collect information for the repair of local records, in the name of local records to prepare cutting;Second, as a teaching material, to teach children to understand and love their hometown, is a universal teaching material.Compared with common local Chronicles (such as county and township Chronicles), local Chronicles are simple in style and only involve history, geography and grace.In order to usurp the land records of Guan County, zhong Wenhu, the magistrate of Guan County at that time, in the thirty-first year of The Reign of Emperor Guangxu (1905), invited xu Yu (styled Quimin, a native of Tianma Town, Juren, a former professor of Huili Prefecture) and Gao Luhe (Byuji, a native of Qingchengshan Town, Engongsheng of Guan County) to usurp the land together.After half a year, Xu and Senior high school completed the compilation of this book, when it was about to be published, zhong Wenhu, the county magistrate, was transferred from Guan County.In the summer of 1907, He Tinglu, a native of Yunnan, was appointed governor of Guan County. The relevant gentry of Guan County sent xu and Gao to edit the original copy of Local Records of Guan County for his review and requested to be published and distributed.He Tinglu carefully read the original manuscript and felt that the book was moderate in depth, detailed and appropriate, concise and smooth in language, and tong Meng could interpret it in accordance with the “Local Annals Examples” issued by the imperial court, combined with the actual situation of guanxian, such as landscape geography, folk customs and products, and human history.As a result, it was published and distributed to schools in Guanxian county, becoming a teaching book for teachers to teach local culture to students.”Fill county local area annals” contain history, political achievement record, military affairs record, old age record, human, registered permanent residence, clan, religion, industry, geography, mountain, water, road, product, business wait 15 doors, cent go up, next two volumes.The museum has a printed copy of the 33rd year (1907) of guangxu in qing Dynasty.The first Draft of Guan Ji is privately compiled by peng Xun, a historical celebrity of Guan County. This chronicle was formed according to the new and old Chronicles of Guan County when Peng Xun was the magistrate of Shangnan County of Shaanxi province in the thirteenth year of Guangxu (1887).In the nineteenth year of Guangxu (1893), Peng Xun retired and returned to his hometown, which was published in the following year.Peng Xun thinks that, in history, irrigation county “evolution is easy, and the situation of victory, the west to the first portal.Therefore, the record focuses on geography and water conservancy records. The records of each category are concise and the recorded products are quite detailed.This chronicle is divided into 9 sections, 44 sections and 2 sections, with about 100,000 words. It is an important work of the history of the local township of Dujiangyan city. It is of great value for future generations to study local history and local customs.Its historical data value is no less than Guangxu’s “Zengxiu Guan County Annals”.The museum has printed copies of guangxu in the 20th year of the Qing Dynasty (1894).Peng Xun (1826-1896), the word ancient xiang, since the number Shoujiang Yuzi, irrigation County Shunjiang township, 廪生, calendar official Hejiang teaching in Sichuan, Shaanxi Linyou, Sanshui (today xunyi) Pucheng, Shangnan county magistrate.In the twenty-second year of Guangxu (1896), he died of illness at the age of seventy-one.Standing on the historical point of view, compiling county records, prefectural records and other local records can be handed down and recorded in history, which is a thing that can make people famous.But in ancient times due to the office time, funds, personnel and other objective factors, a magistrate or magistrate can be in office during the leisure time, have the conditions to compile a local Chronicles of history, in a annals left his name is already very good.From today’s point of view, compiled by Sun Tianning “Qianlong · Guan County Records”, zhuang Siheng and Zheng 珶 shan compiled, Zhuang Yuyun published “Guangxu · Zengxiu Guan County Records” and Xu Yu, Gao Luhe compiled, he Tinglu published “Guan County local records” three official repair local records, as well as Peng Xun private repair “Guan Ji first draft”,They show us the politics, economy, society, culture and local customs of Guanxian county in qing Dynasty objectively and accurately, highlighting the characteristics of The Times, regional characteristics and historical and cultural characteristics of that era, with important historical data value, leaving us a precious historical and cultural heritage.(Contributed by Zheng Yuxiang)