China’s new map of computing power

2022-05-07 0 By

Eight years after its inception, guizhou’s big data industry has ushered in a new opportunity of leapfrog development.On December 22, 2021, the investment promotion and Development Seminar of Guizhou Eastern And Western Computing Industry was held in Guiyang. The project was officially launched.It was only two days after the National Development and Reform Commission, cyberspace Administration of the CPC Central Committee, Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, National Energy Administration and other departments agreed to start the construction of a national integrated computing power network national hub node (hereinafter referred to as “hub”) in Guizhou, and the urgency of guizhou to accelerate the construction of local computing power was immediately on paper.In fact, the Guizhou Hub is only one of the eight national hubs that the National Development and Reform Commission and other departments agreed to start construction in a letter recently.It is reported that China will launch the construction of national computing hub nodes in eight regions, including the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, Yangtze River Delta, Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, Chengdu-Chongqing, Inner Mongolia, Guizhou, Gansu and Ningxia, and has planned 10 national data center clusters.At this point, the overall layout design of the national integrated big data center system has been completed, and the project of “East and West Calculation” has been officially launched.Sun Wei, deputy director of the innovation and high-tech development department of the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and a first-level inspector, said the project, like the south-to-North water diversion project and the west-to-East power transmission project, should give full play to China’s institutional advantages, optimize resource allocation and improve resource efficiency.In the era of digital economy, computing power is as important as water conservancy in the age of agriculture and electricity in the age of industry, while data center, as an information infrastructure, has become an important infrastructure for national economic development.The reporter noticed that in recent years, in the construction and development of data centers, there are two main problems that have been faced: one is to reduce high energy consumption, that is, how to reduce the energy efficiency index PUE value of data centers;The second is to improve utilization, that is, how to maximize the computing power of the data center.According to the calculation of China Academy of Information and Communication Technology, the total data storage in China will exceed 450EB in 2020, and it is expected that the “14th Five-Year Plan” period will still maintain a rapid growth rate of 20% to 30%.Obviously, data center, as the core infrastructure carrying data, is bound to maintain stable growth in a long period of time.At present, China’s data centers account for nearly 2% of the country’s electricity consumption.Given the growth trend of the industry, green and efficient data centers are extremely important for peak carbon neutrality.In recent years, the voice of avoiding duplication and waste in the construction of local data centers has been frequently reported in newspapers. In some forum meetings attended by journalists, the problem of insufficient use of computing power resources in data centers, especially in western regions, has often been mentioned by industry experts.It is true that the shortage of computing power resources in the east and the shortage of computing power demand in the west coexist, and the regional digital infrastructure and spatial distribution of applications urgently need to be optimized.On December 8, 2021, the National Development and Reform Commission and other four departments issued by the implementation of carbon carbon neutral target of peak demand to promote green data center and 5 g new infrastructure high quality development plan “clearly put forward, by 2025, the national data center overall efficiency improved significantly, the western data center utilization rate by 30% to 50% or more,The supply and demand of eastern and western computing power are more balanced.It is under this background that the project of “Calculating east and West” arises at the historic moment.Western Computing power resources support Eastern Data computing. In “Eastern and Western Computing”, “number” refers to data, while “calculation” refers to computing power.The so-called “Eastern computing and Western Computing” refers to building a new computing power network system integrating data centers, cloud computing and big data to guide the demand for computing power in the east to the west in an orderly manner, optimize the layout of data centers, and promote the coordination between the east and the west.The main content of the project is to plan and build 8 computing power hubs and 10 clusters in the country. Each computing power hub is planned to set up 1 to 2 clusters, including: Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Hub, Zhangjiakou cluster;Yangtze River Delta Hub, Yangtze River Delta ecological and green integrated development demonstration zone cluster, Wuhu cluster;Guangdong-hong Kong-Macao Hub, Shaoguan Cluster;Chengdu-chongqing hub, Tianfu cluster, Chongqing cluster;Guizhou Hub, Guian cluster;Inner Mongolia Hub and Hellinger cluster;Gansu hub, Qingyang cluster;Ningxia hub, Zhongwei cluster.Large data centers are suitable for high-latitude, energy-rich areas.Guiyang, Zhongwei in Ningxia And Hohhot in Inner Mongolia were selected as “the most suitable cities for data center investment” in 2014 China Data Center Industry Development Alliance Conference.Reporters noted that these three cities have some areas into the data center cluster construction, namely Guian cluster, Zhongwei cluster and Helinger cluster.Sun believes that the implementation of the “East and West” project will help promote the rational layout of data centers, balance between supply and demand, green and intensive connectivity.It is mainly reflected in four aspects: First, it is conducive to improving the level of the country’s overall computing power.Through the nationwide integration of data center layout construction, expand the scale of computing power facilities, improve the efficiency of using computing power, and realize the scale and intensification of computing power.Second, it will help promote green development.Expanding the layout of data centers in the west will greatly increase the proportion of green energy used in data centers, help to absorb green energy nearby in the west, and continuously optimize the energy efficiency of data centers through technological progress and large-scale green development.Third, it will help expand effective investment.Data center industry chain is long, investment scale is large, driving effect is strong.Through the construction of computing power hub and data center cluster, it will effectively drive the investment in upstream and downstream of the industry.Fourth, it will help promote coordinated regional development.The distribution of computing power facilities from east to west will drive the effective transfer of relevant industries, promote data circulation and value transfer between the east and the west, expand the development space of the east, and help form a new pattern of the development of the west.As an important part of the project of “East and West computing”, what is the relationship between computing power hub and cluster?It is understood that the relationship between the two, similar to the transport hub and passenger station.Within a regional traffic hub, there are often 1 or more bus stations to undertake specific passenger traffic flow.Data center clusters gather large and ultra-large data centers to undertake data traffic.On the one hand, the cluster will provide better policy support for the data centers stationed in it, as well as support for the network, electricity, water and other related facilities.On the other hand, the cluster should also put forward stricter requirements in green energy saving, resource utilization, security level and other aspects to promote the green and high-quality development of China’s data center.So what data from the East will be sent west for calculation?It is understood that for background processing, offline analysis, storage backup and other businesses that do not require high network requirements, they can take the lead in moving to the west and be undertaken by the western data center.However, due to the delay caused by long-distance network transmission and the influence of related supporting facilities, the Western data center cannot meet all data computing requirements.Some businesses with high network requirements, such as industrial Internet, financial securities, disaster warning, telemedicine, video calling, and artificial intelligence reasoning, can be deployed in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, the Yangtze River Delta, the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area and other eastern hubs.It is worth mentioning that the development of computing power hubs and the construction of data center clusters should focus on giving play to the main role of enterprises.The government focused on strengthening planning and distribution and improving supporting facilities.In the future, the cluster will also consider the layout of some public computing services, to provide low-cost, wide coverage, reliable and safe computing services for the government, enterprises and the public, and realize complementary and coordinated development with market-oriented services.In the future, the National Development and Reform Commission will work with relevant departments to dynamically monitor the development of computing power hubs and data center clusters, and scientifically assess the development level and saturation degree of computing power in the region.Combined with the actual development, we will constantly optimize and improve the layout, timely expand cluster boundaries or increase clusters, demonstrate the establishment of new computing power hub, and realize the overall planning, orderly and healthy development of computing power.